4 U.S. governors on jobs: 30,000 technology jobs open, not enough workers

America’s governors – one a former presidential candidate – share at least one major concern: lack of skilled workers to do the job.

“My number one problem in my state is workforce,” Republican Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin said at the Milken Global Conference in Los Angeles. “My big problem is how to fill those jobs…I still don’t have enough workers.”

Former presidential candidate Walker isn’t alone. Democrat or Republican, east or west, north or south, governors are seeing the same red flag rising. Republican Gov. Rick Scott of Florida noted Monday that GE (GE) makes most of its money overseas and globalization creates added job pressure from overseas.

“We’re competing (globally) for jobs,” Scott said on the same panel of four governors moderated Monday by Eric Schmidt, chairman of Google parent Alphabet (GOOG).

Related: Coal workers become computer coders

“I have 30,000 technology jobs open,” Democrat Gov. Terry McAuliffe of┬áVirginia advertised – and lamented – Monday. He says many open tech jobs in his state are in cybersecurity but that experienced workers aren’t available.

All of the governors, including Democrat John Hickenlooper of Colorado, suggested a mix of job training, apprenticeships, and curriculum change in schools is needed to combat the job skills gap.

In December, McAuliffe proposed $1 billion towards revamping Virginia’s educational system with the aim of creating the “New Virginia Economy,” focused on STEM jobs.

He also touted a scholarship program on Monday for high school girls in Virginia who plan to pursue STEM fields in college. It’s an effort to encourage young women, who increasingly make up a larger share of the workforce, to consider job skills applicable to growing industries. Scholarships are a great way of encouraging more people to follow their dreams. On top of this, there are a lot of new courses offered for teachers to keep up with new curriculums, such as these Dominican University of California courses for teachers that will cater to new STEM education and industries. As a lot of people can’t afford higher education, scholarships make it much more affordable for people to go to college. Whilst McAuliffe started a scholarship for young women to enter the STEM fields, other scholarships are available. Some people even start their own scholarships sometimes in honor of someone who has passed away. By using GoFundMe to fund the scholarships, people can help others get into colleges. Perhaps more people could help the educational system by creating their own scholarships.

The program received over 500 applications this year. However, the impact so far is very small: Only five students received scholarships of $9,000.

Related: America’s Part-time work force is huge

Right now, there are 5.4 million jobs open in the United States. That’snear a record high. On one hand it’s a good sign that employers are hiring. But the high number also indicates that employers can’t find people with the right skills, experts point out.

“When it comes to new, unfilled jobs, there’s not enough skilled workers there,” Ahu Yildirmaz, chief economist at the payroll services firm ADP told CNNMoney at Milken.

Last September President Obama set aside $175 million for apprenticeships, the largest federal commitment ever.

Related: The $100k job: garbage workers

Despite its growing popularity as an alternative to college, apprenticeships have been in decline. In 2003, there were 488,000 apprentices in the U.S. By 2013 there were only 287,000, according to Labor Department data (the Labor Department changed how it calculates apprenticeships after 2013).

Some veterans of apprentice-heavy industries like plumbing say the declining influence of labor unions has caused funding to drop for apprenticeships and other job training programs that were once financed within the industry.

Ultimately, there is no denying that this lack of apprenticeships has had a devastating impact on the jobs market. Moreover, there is clear evidence that employing and training apprentices can improve the productivity of companies, with recent research demonstrating both short and long-term gains for both employers and apprentices. With this in mind, it is crucial that more businesses reach out to apprenticeship training providers to find out more about the benefits of creating apprenticeship recruitment schemes.

Unfortunately, some industries have been hit harder than others. For instance, due to the lack of funding for plumbing apprenticeships, fewer people will be able to get the skills that they need to start their own business. In this day and age, more people may aspire to run their own company so that they are financially stable and in most cases, this starts from getting the relevant training through an apprenticeship.

For example, Consultancy for Plumbers helps businesses to branch into new areas of the industry to help them expand further and live the dream that they imagined when they started out as an apprentice. With no extra finance going into the industry, any aspiring plumbers won’t get to live that same dream.

There might be some bipartisan consensus on such solutions to the job skills gap. Even Walker, a major critic of Obama, is on the same page. In August, he approved $2.2 million in state grants to apprenticeship programs in Wisconsin.

He pointed out that there are “so many professions … don’t require a traditional, 4-year college degree.”

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